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The emergence of the unified Nepal with its centralized structure has put indigenous peoples in danger. Exclusion has been a primary medium to negate the indigenous peoples and their knowledge. Violence has become a new weapon to silence these peoples. The state is still reluctant to accept indigenous peoples' demands though the peoples' aspiration of justice reflects their own socio-cultural and political context, affected by the state led exclusion and violence. The interrelation of this hidden structural violence and continued historical exclusion by the state has led to continuing direct violence and injustice on the indigenous peoples of Nepal.
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