Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography <p><strong><em>The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography</em></strong> (PMHB) is a quarterly scholarly journal and one of the country’s most prestigious state historical publications. Published since 1877 by The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, it is an important resource for those interested in a scholarly approach to state and local history, industry, genealogy, culture, and related subjects. For more information about The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, visit <a href="">the society's website</a>.</p> <p>To subscribe to current issues of the journal or for information regarding submissions, visit the society's <a href="">Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography page</a>.</p> <p>This site provides access to a century of back issues of the Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography since Vol. 31 (1907). One new volume will be added to the digital archive each year forward, six years after the original publication date (e.g., 2013 issues were added in the 2019 calendar year).</p> <h2>Issues Published 1907–2013</h2> <ul> <li class="show">To search for authors, titles or words in the full text of issues in this repository, visit the <a href="/index.php/pmhb/issue/archive">Archives</a> on this site.</li> </ul> <h2>Issues Published in Other Years</h2> <ul> <li class="show">If you have a Penn State Access account, the most recent issues in full text are available at <a href="">The Historical Society of Pennsylvania's Website</a>.</li> <li class="show">For access to Volumes 17ndash;30 (1877–1906) in electronic format: <ul> <li class="show">If you have a Penn State Access account, go to the full text of the earlier journal issues through the <a href="">ProQuest American Periodicals Series database</a> (you will see a different interface and search engine).</li> <li class="show">To locate other libraries that have copies, consult <a href="">OCLC WorldCat</a>, where you can search many libraries at once for an item and then locate it in a library nearby. You may need to be a member of a library that subscribes to WorldCat to view/download content or check out materials through its website. Search the magazine title <strong>PMHB</strong>.</li> <li class="show">Consult your local library for interlibrary loan options.</li> <li class="show">For some 20th century articles, serach <a href="">Google Scholar</a>.</li> </ul> </li> <li class="show">A PMHB journal subscription is a benefit of membership in the Historical Society of Pennsylvania and is also available to individual and institutional subscribers. Find out more about <a href="">membership in The Historical Society of Pennsylvania</a>.</li> </ul> <p>To Search this repository, choose the Search at the top of the screen.</p> <p>To Browse the repository's content by year of publication, choose Archive at the top of the screen.</p> en-US (Penn State Libraries Open Publishing) (Ally Laird) Mon, 25 Nov 2019 18:33:12 +0000 OJS 60 Full Issue <p>Articles, Book Reviews, Index</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography Thu, 21 Nov 2019 20:28:46 +0000 Front Matter <p>Table of Contents; Book Reviews; Editors; Contributors</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography Thu, 21 Nov 2019 20:22:15 +0000 On the Origins and Intention of Benjamin Franklin's "On the Providence of God in the Government of the World" <p>Philosophers in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries used the phrase “government of the world” to discuss matters of physics, ethics, theology, and politics. In physics, the phrase referred to the order of the universe: the essence of matter, and whether it moved chaotically or by discernible laws. The order of physical nature had ethical implications—whether or not human beings possessed free will, and if they did, whether or not they could know the effects of, and be accountable for, their actions. Natural philosophers and theologians provided conflicting answers to these questions. Christian theologians such as Samuel Clarke argued that God was “a Supra-Mundane Intelligence”— existing outside of, and therefore not bound by, the mechanistic realm of matter—that providently suspended and intervened in the laws of nature to issue revelatory dictates and to justly govern the world. These divines debated deists such as Lord Shaftesbury, who argued that God was nature itself, subsisting by its own self-governing laws that were accessible to human reason. The deists, in turn, debated the skeptics, such as Bernard Mandeville, who questioned not just the existence of a creator but whether there was any order to nature at all. The divines called deists undercover atheists, and the deists called the skeptics atheists. Philosophers’ ideas about God’s government of the world also shaped their political views regarding what kind of laws humans should make to govern themselves. As a citizen of the Republic of Letters, the young Benjamin Franklin enthusiastically read all of these thinkers, and he participated in and contributed to the great philosophic and political debates of his age.</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography Thu, 21 Nov 2019 20:23:25 +0000 Penn's Great Expansion: Postwar Urban Renewal and the Alliance between Private Universities and the Public Sector <p>With the adoption of the 1948 plan, Penn embarked on the largest expansion in its history. The Great Expansion—a term we use to distinguish this extended period of prodigious institutional growth and improvement from Penn’s first expansion in West Philadelphia at the turn of the twentieth century—was the beneficiary of urban renewal politics and policies in the 1950s and 1960s. Philadelphia’s reformist, pro-growth Democratic leaders and city planners enthusiastically supported Penn’s expansion in West Philadelphia, hailing it as a bulwark against blight and an engine of economic and technological development at a time when Philadelphia’s manufacturing industries had begun a precipitous decline. Philadelphia, like New York and Chicago, looked to its universities to play key roles in the city’s urban renewal plans, and these universities— Penn, Drexel, and Temple—enlisted the city’s help to achieve their expansionist goals. By 1970, the redevelopment properties owned or controlled by Penn made up the lion’s share of land targeted by the Redevelopment Authority of Philadelphia (RDA) for urban renewal in an eighty-block area of West Philadelphia. Penn was by far the dominant urban renewal university in Philadelphia. In fact, it was the nation’s bellwether for this approach; no other higher education institution in the era of federally funded urban renewal (1949–74) made more use of urban renewal instruments or achieved a greater expansion in this period than Penn.</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography Thu, 21 Nov 2019 20:24:25 +0000 A Miller's Tale of Captivity, Ransom, and Remembrance, 1758-1811 <p>Richard Bard, or Baird, (1736–99) was one of 1,054 captives and prisoners of war taken in Pennsylvania during a generation of Anglo-French and Indian conflict (1744–65). Of course, captives were not chosen for their ability to write, and only twenty-seven of them left depositions, accounts, or memoirs of their experiences. Two narratives that were not printed until two generations after their authors’ captivities, those of Mary Jemison and James Smith, have rightly become classics of early American literature and major sources for understanding life among the Indians of the upper Ohio Valley. Richard Bard’s captivity has not received such attention, even though his account is inherently interesting, was promptly reported, and is uniquely revealing in other ways. First, Richard’s private ransom of his wife, Ketty (Katherine, née Poe, 1737–1811), directly from the Delawares was the only successful negotiation of that sort during the uneasy truce of 1759–62. Second, Richard’s story evolved rapidly through the three separate parts or versions he offered to different audiences and the long poem he wrote two years later. Third, Richard’s son assembled a family remembrance of his parents’ captivity and his mother’s ransom half a century later. These various accounts hint at some of the factors that shaped and reshaped captivity narratives, those early American literary icons.</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography Mon, 25 Nov 2019 18:29:20 +0000 Book Reviews <p>On Records: Delaware Indians, Colonists, and the Media of History and Memory; The True Image: Gravestone Art and the Culture of Scotch Irish Settlers in the Pennsylvania and Carolina Backcountry; The Unfinished Life of Benjamin Franklin; From Liberty to Liberality: The Transformation of the Pennsylvania Legislature, 1776–1820; Mortals with Tremendous Responsibilities: A History of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania; Freedom’s Cap: The United States Capitol and the Coming of the Civil War; Lincoln and Leadership: Military, Political, and Religious Decision Making; The Struggle for Equality: Essays on Sectional Conflict, the Civil War, and the Long Reconstruction; Capital of the World: The Race to Host the United Nations; In the Crossfire: Marcus Foster and the Troubled History of American School Reform; Allegheny City: A History of Pittsburgh’s North Side;&nbsp;</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography Thu, 21 Nov 2019 20:26:17 +0000 Index <p>Index</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography Thu, 21 Nov 2019 20:27:45 +0000