American Studies in the Republic of Turkey: A Journey Unfulfilled

  • Laurence Raw Başkent University
Keywords: American studies, historiography, Turkey

Abstract

The story of American Studies in Turkey dates from the mid-Fifties when the Fulbright Commission appointed Sidney Burks to teach in the English Language and Literature department of Ankara University.  Later in that decade an American Literature sub-division was established in the English department of the same institution with İrfan Şahinbaş, a noted translator and academic in the chair, who held the job until his retirement in 1982.  Until the mid-Sixties, the fledgling program was supported by visiting Fulbright scholars; in contrast, many local professors believed that the idea of an independent department remained unthinkable (Aytür 60).  In 1966 a graduate program was established in Ankara – a decade later the two departments (English and American Literature) were re-organized into separate entitles, with the American department officially named the Department of American Language and Literature (Amerikan Dili ve Edebiyatı Bölümü).  In 1982 a new university act reorganized foreign literature departments into divisions of Western Languages and Literatures, with English and American Literature transformed into anabilim dalı (social science branches).  This lasted for six years, when the American department was transformed into the Department of American Culture and Literrature (Amerikan Kültür ve Edebiyatı), even though many staff members were left confused as to whether they were involved in an American Studies enterprise.

Author Biography

Laurence Raw, Başkent University

References

Adıvar, Halide Edip. İngiliz Edebiyatı Tarihi. 2 vols. İstanbul: Remzi, 1946. Print.

Adivar, Halide Edip. The Turkish Ordeal (as Halide Edib Adivar). London and New York: Century, 1928. Print.

Alpketin, Cem. 1993. "Target-language Culture in EFL Materials." ELT Journal no. 47(2): 136-43.

Atatürk. Dir. Tolga Örnek. Perf. Donald Sinden, Zafer Alagöz. Ekip Film, 1998. Film.

Aytür, Necla. Interviewed by Ayşe Lahur Kırtunç. Journal of American Studies in Turkey 3 (1996): 59-68. Web. 18 Apr. 2017.

Berk Albachten, Özlem. "The Turkish Language Reform and Interlingual Translation." Tradition, Tension and Translation in Turkey. Ed. Şehnaz Tahir Gürçağlar, Saliha Paker, and John Milton. 165-81. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2015. Print.

Büken, Gülriz. "American Studies in Turkey." European Journal of American Studies 1.1 (2006): 1-6. Print.

Çelikel, Mehmet Ali, and Başar Taniyan, eds. English Studies: New Perspectives. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars, 2015. Print.

English Studies: New Perspectives. 2015. edited by Mehmet Ali Çelikel and Başar Taniyan. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars.

Ersoy, Hüsnü. The Fulbright Program in Turkey. Washington DC: Fulbright Commission, 1956. Print.

Espey, David. "Turkey and the Travel Writer: The Past and the Palimpsest." Popular Cultures: Proceedings of the Third Cultural Studies Seminar. Ed. Gülriz Büken, Laurence Raw, and Günseli Sönmez İşçi. 157-65. Ankara: The British Council, 1999. Print.

Glazier, Lyle. Decadence and Rebirth in American Literature. Ankara: Hacettepe UP., 1971. Print.

Komins, Benton Jay, and David Nicholls. "Cultivating Critical Self-Reflection in an International Context: The Development of American Studies in Turkey." College Literature 30.3 (Summer 2003): 68-87. Print.

Kırtunç , Ayse Lahur. 1996. "Interview with Necla Aytür." Journal of American Studies in Turkey no. 3 (Spring): http://www.asatjast.org/index.php/jast/issues/78-jast-issues/112-issue-3. Accessed 18 April 2017.

Landrey, David. "Introduction." Poetry and Politics. Ed. Lsndrey and Bilge Mutluay. 1-3. Ankara: Hacettepe UP., 1993. Print.

"Laurence Raw Interviews Emel Doğramacı on Literature and British Studies in Turkey." 1999. Academia.edu. Web. 22 Apr. 2017.

Ninkovich, Frank A. The Diplomacy of Ideas: US Foreign Policy and Cultural Relations 1938-50. Cambridge: Cambridge UP., 1981. Print.

Palmer, Stephanie C. "Teaching Social Conflict in Turkish American Studies." Pedagogy 2.3 (Fall 2002): 396-408. Print.

Pultar, Gönül. "Editorial." Comparative American Studies 4.3 (2006): 243-5. Print.

Pultar, Gönül. "The Imagined Community of American Studies in a non-Christian, non-'Western' Environment." American Studies International 27.2 (Jun. 1999): 12-14. Print.

Pultar, Gönül and Ayşe Lahur Kırtunç. "Cultural Studies in Turkey: Education and Practice." Review of Education, Pedagogy and Culture 26 (2004): 129-53. Print.

Raw, Laurence. "Forging New Collaborations." Journal of American Studies of Turkey 32 (2010): 1-5. www.asat-jast.org. Web. 21 Apr. 2017.

Raw, Laurence. "Hollywood's Turkish Films 1930-60: A Nation Looks at Itself." The Transnational Turn in American Studies: Turkey and the United States. 191-209. Bern: Peter Lang, 2012. Print.

Raw, Laurence. "Reconstructing Englishness." 1999. Exploring Turkish Cultures. 21-33. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars, 2011. Print.

Rivera, Christopher, and Jennifer A. Reimer, ed. "Transnational Latin@ Studies." Journal of American Studies 42 (2015): 1-319. www.asat-jast.org. Web, 21 Apr. 2017.

The Transnational Turn in American Studies: Turkey and the United States. 2012. Edited by Tanfer Emin Tunç and Bahar Gürsel. Bern: Peter Lang, 2012.

Tunç, Tanfer Emin, and Bahar Gürsel, ed. The Transnational Turn in American Studies: Turkey and the United States. Bern: Peter Lang, 2012. Print.

Webster, Donald E. The Turkey of Atatürk: Social Process in the Turkish Reformation. New York: AMS Press, 1939. Print.

"Welcome to the Department of American Culture and Literature." Bilkent University, 2005. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

Published
2018-01-03
Section
Essays, Notes, and Dialogues